Tisserand

*L’histoire du métier à tisser

metiertisser.jpg 

Un métier à tisser est une machine utilisée pour fabriquer du tissu. Ils peuvent être industriel comme dans l’industrie textile (tissus), ou manuel.

Si les progrès mécaniques ont permis de moderniser les moyens de production, la façon de procéder reste la même : deux séries de fils perpendiculaires sont tissées entre elles.

 Les premiers tissus connus datent de la fin du néolithique, ils ont été retrouvés en Turquie et en Palestine.

 Le métier à tisser le plus rudimentaire consiste en un cadre de bois : une série de fils (la chaîne) est tendue entre deux bâtons de bois fichés dans le sol. Avec une perche, un fil de chaîne sur deux est tiré afin de créer un espace vide (la foule) où un autre fil (la trame) passe perpendiculairement aux fils de chaîne puis les nappes de la chaîne sont inversées pour créer une autre foule où repasse le fil de trame.

Vers 3 000 avant J.C., les métiers ont les fils de trame tendus sur une barre transversale par des poids. [1]

metiertisser2.jpg 

Vers 1 400 avant J.C., les premiers métiers verticaux apparaissent, la chaîne est alors tendue entre deux barres horizontales. Ce type de métier est encore utilisé pour la tapisserie par exemple. [ Vers 1 000 avant J.C., les métiers horizontaux ont un cadre rigide et un bâton est attaché à certains fils de chaîne afin d’ouvrir la foule en le soulevant.

Ensuite le métier à tisser n’évolue plus jusqu’au Moyen Âge où des pédales sont utilisées pour soulever tour à tour un certain nombre de lisses différentes afin d’obtenir des motifs plus complexes. L’adjonction de la pédale est une invention chinoise. [1]

Les évolutions suivantes prendront des noms différents : métier à la tire, métier Jacquard, métier sans navette, métier à rapière, etc. [1]

 metiertisser3.jpg

Le moyen pour passer le fil de trame dans la foule est quant à lui resté le même pendant longtemps : une navette renfermant le fil de trame se glissait à la main dans l’ouverture, ce qui limitait de fait la largeur de l’ouvrage. Pour de grandes pièces, deux tisserands devaient se passer la navette. En 1733, un tisserand britannique John Kay met au point un système mécanique pour simplifer l’opération : la navette volante. Cette invention permit de passer de l’artisanat à l’industrie. [1]

Dès 1786, les machines à vapeur permettent la mise en place de métiers mécaniques rapides. [

 (source: wapedia)

*************************

 

294 réponses à “Tisserand”

1 12 13 14 15
  1. 9 06 2022
    sports betting apps (05:46:27) :

    Wonderful paintings! This is the type of information that are supposed to be shared around the web. Shame on Google for no longer positioning this put up higher! Come on over and talk over with my website . Thanks =)

    https://google.bi/url?sa=t&url=https://bettingallstate.com

  2. 7 06 2022
    joker123 (05:52:31) :

    You actually make it seem so easy with your presentation but I find this matter to be really something which I think I would never understand. It seems too complex and extremely broad for me. I am looking forward for your next post, I will try to get the hang of it!

    https://maps.google.com.vc/url?q=https://www.7zean.com

  3. 27 05 2022
    ลิ้งดูบอลสด (04:47:35) :

    This is the proper blog for anybody who desires to seek out out about this topic. You notice so much its virtually laborious to argue with you (not that I really would want…HaHa). You definitely put a new spin on a subject thats been written about for years. Nice stuff, simply great!

    https://images.google.co.tz/url?q=https://offsidelive.com

  4. 24 05 2022
    RV Repairs Near Me (02:37:36) :

    This website really has all of the information I needed concerning this subject and didnít know who to ask.

    https://aurora.network/redirect?url=http://ocrvcenter.com/

  5. 20 05 2022
    Web Branding (05:01:45) :

    Greetings! Very helpful advice in this particular post! It’s the little changes that make the greatest changes. Thanks a lot for sharing!

    http://www.green-cross.pro/bitrix/redirect.php?goto=www.boosterpackforlife.com

  6. 19 05 2022
    RV Bedroom Remodel Orange County (08:24:45) :

    Iím amazed, I have to admit. Rarely do I come across a blog thatís both equally educative and entertaining, and let me tell you, you have hit the nail on the head. The problem is something not enough men and women are speaking intelligently about. I’m very happy I found this in my hunt for something regarding this.

    https://mathiasdeclercq.mailingplatform.be/modules/mailings/mailings/index/getLink.php?mailing=5&email=guido.van.peeterssen@telenet.be&url=https://ocrvluxurycoaches.com

  7. 18 05 2022
    Handicap Van (06:51:14) :

    Good article! We will be linking to this particularly great content on our website. Keep up the great writing.

    https://www.ligainternational.org/Startup/SetupSite.asp?RestartPage=https://www.www.fleettruckrepairshop.com/

  8. 14 05 2022
    สล็อต (03:28:39) :

    I don’t even know how I ended up here, but I thought this post was good. I don’t know who you are but definitely you are going to a famous blogger if you are not already ;) Cheers!

    https://google.com.bz/url?sa=t&url=https://www.7zean.com

  9. 6 05 2022
    Travel Trailer Appraisal Near Me (08:29:09) :

    I like it whenever people come together and share ideas. Great site, keep it up!

    http://damienz36c4.slypage.com/6646730/what-does-maserati-paint-repair-cost-mean

  10. 3 05 2022
    Mercedes Benz Sprinter Rv Near Me (02:51:52) :

  11. 2 05 2022
    Used Forklifts For Sale (02:10:08) :

    Spot on with this write-up, I actually believe this site needs far more attention. Iíll probably be back again to read more, thanks for the information!

    https://www.canada.xlsteel.biz/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=www.forkliftsforsalenearme.com

  12. 1 05 2022
    Grease Trap Pumping (03:30:52) :

    Good write-up. I absolutely love this website. Continue the good work!

    http://www.webmail.22tec.com/horde/test.php?mode=extensions&ext=bcmath&url=https://septicpumpingpei.com

  13. 28 04 2022
    how to win risk (04:39:09) :

    Greetings! Very useful advice in this particular post! It’s the little changes that will make the biggest changes. Thanks a lot for sharing!

    http://maps.google.as/url?q=www.kevintrudeaufanclub.com

  14. 27 04 2022
    spiritual self help books (08:02:04) :

    Excellent blog post. I certainly love this website. Keep it up!

    https://www.clients1.google.com.np/url?q=https://kevintrudeaufanclub.com/

  15. 20 04 2022
    Camper Van 4X4 For Sale (08:53:21) :

    I have to thank you for the efforts you have put in penning this website. I really hope to see the same high-grade blog posts by you later on as well. In truth, your creative writing abilities has encouraged me to get my own site now ;)

    http://www.bashklip.ru/go?https://www.van-kits.com/

  16. 1 04 2022
    RV Flooring Los Angeles (05:15:05) :

    Hi there, There’s no doubt that your website may be having web browser compatibility problems. Whenever I take a look at your website in Safari, it looks fine however, if opening in I.E., it’s got some overlapping issues. I simply wanted to give you a quick heads up! Aside from that, wonderful website!

    http://gavgav.info/catalog/redir.php?go=https://www.stfly.me/ajq0zmpmw

  17. 25 03 2022
    RV Repair Shop Near My Location (02:29:10) :

    Wonderful article! We will be linking to this particularly great post on our website. Keep up the great writing.

    https://maps.google.dm/url?rct=j&sa=t&url=https://ocrvcenter.info/rv-repair-shop-buena-park-california

  18. 22 03 2022
    injury lawyer near me (02:39:38) :

    I have to thank you for the efforts you’ve put in penning this website. I am hoping to see the same high-grade content from you later on as well. In truth, your creative writing abilities has motivated me to get my own, personal website now ;)

    http://waltrop.de/Inhalte/Allgemein/externerlink.asp?ziel=http://www.jsminjuryfirm.com/slip-and-fall-lawyer/

  19. 16 03 2022
    Rv Mechanic Near Me (01:16:11) :

    Good day! I could have sworn Iíve been to this blog before but after looking at many of the posts I realized itís new to me. Regardless, Iím certainly pleased I stumbled upon it and Iíll be book-marking it and checking back frequently!

    https://bugcrowd.com/external_redirect?site=http://www.ocrv.pro/tow-truck-collision-repair-shop-near-me

  20. 15 03 2022
    Rv Help Near Me (05:57:37) :

    This site was… how do you say it? Relevant!! Finally I’ve found something that helped me. Many thanks!

    http://hyoito-fda.com/out.php?url=https://www.rowanmswdd.ourcodeblog.com/9574854/10-meetups-about-rv-repair-near-me-you-should-attend/

1 12 13 14 15

Laisser un commentaire

Votre adresse de messagerie ne sera pas publiée. Les champs obligatoires sont indiqués avec *

Vous pouvez utiliser ces balises et attributs HTML : <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>




évasion |
Généalogies |
vivreavec1handicap |
Unblog.fr | Annuaire | Signaler un abus | ANTI CORRIDA
| dartagnan
| Actualité de la Politique d...