*L’histoire du métier à tisser


Un métier à tisser est une machine utilisée pour fabriquer du tissu. Ils peuvent être industriel comme dans l’industrie textile (tissus), ou manuel.

Si les progrès mécaniques ont permis de moderniser les moyens de production, la façon de procéder reste la même : deux séries de fils perpendiculaires sont tissées entre elles.

 Les premiers tissus connus datent de la fin du néolithique, ils ont été retrouvés en Turquie et en Palestine.

 Le métier à tisser le plus rudimentaire consiste en un cadre de bois : une série de fils (la chaîne) est tendue entre deux bâtons de bois fichés dans le sol. Avec une perche, un fil de chaîne sur deux est tiré afin de créer un espace vide (la foule) où un autre fil (la trame) passe perpendiculairement aux fils de chaîne puis les nappes de la chaîne sont inversées pour créer une autre foule où repasse le fil de trame.

Vers 3 000 avant J.C., les métiers ont les fils de trame tendus sur une barre transversale par des poids. [1]


Vers 1 400 avant J.C., les premiers métiers verticaux apparaissent, la chaîne est alors tendue entre deux barres horizontales. Ce type de métier est encore utilisé pour la tapisserie par exemple. [ Vers 1 000 avant J.C., les métiers horizontaux ont un cadre rigide et un bâton est attaché à certains fils de chaîne afin d’ouvrir la foule en le soulevant.

Ensuite le métier à tisser n’évolue plus jusqu’au Moyen Âge où des pédales sont utilisées pour soulever tour à tour un certain nombre de lisses différentes afin d’obtenir des motifs plus complexes. L’adjonction de la pédale est une invention chinoise. [1]

Les évolutions suivantes prendront des noms différents : métier à la tire, métier Jacquard, métier sans navette, métier à rapière, etc. [1]


Le moyen pour passer le fil de trame dans la foule est quant à lui resté le même pendant longtemps : une navette renfermant le fil de trame se glissait à la main dans l’ouverture, ce qui limitait de fait la largeur de l’ouvrage. Pour de grandes pièces, deux tisserands devaient se passer la navette. En 1733, un tisserand britannique John Kay met au point un système mécanique pour simplifer l’opération : la navette volante. Cette invention permit de passer de l’artisanat à l’industrie. [1]

Dès 1786, les machines à vapeur permettent la mise en place de métiers mécaniques rapides. [

 (source: wapedia)



438 réponses à “Tisserand”

1 16 17 18 19 20 22
  1. 15 12 2022
    RV Upholstery Shops Near Me (11:33:33) :

    This website was… how do you say it? Relevant!! Finally I have found something that helped me. Thank you!


  2. 15 12 2022
    Camper Restoration Near Me (01:27:14) :

    I want to to thank you for this great read!! I definitely loved every bit of it. I’ve got you saved as a favorite to look at new stuff you postÖ


  3. 11 12 2022
    August Carnero (06:38:21) :

    I truly love your blog.. Very nice colors & theme. Did you make this site yourself? Please reply back as Iím looking to create my very own site and would love to know where you got this from or exactly what the theme is named. Many thanks!


  4. 9 12 2022
    24 hour emergency plumber near me (03:36:44) :

    That is very interesting, You are an excessively professional blogger. I’ve joined your feed and stay up for searching for more of your great post. Also, I’ve shared your website in my social networks!


  5. 7 12 2022
    Website Advertising Companies (04:57:59) :

    I’m very pleased to uncover this page. I wanted to thank you for your time due to this wonderful read!! I definitely loved every part of it and I have you book-marked to look at new things on your site.


  6. 6 12 2022
    RV Dashboard Orange County (06:54:43) :

    Great web site you have got here.. Itís hard to find good quality writing like yours nowadays. I truly appreciate individuals like you! Take care!!


  7. 6 12 2022
    rv awning replacement near me (05:41:00) :

    Nice post. I learn something totally new and challenging on sites I stumbleupon every day. It will always be exciting to read through articles from other writers and use a little something from other sites.


  8. 5 12 2022
    Box Truck Repair Shop Orange County (06:44:53) :

    Very nice write-up. I certainly appreciate this site. Thanks!


  9. 1 12 2022
    Hassan Malet (06:02:56) :

    Greetings! Very useful advice in this particular post! It’s the little changes that will make the largest changes. Thanks a lot for sharing!


  10. 29 11 2022
    fixing dings in cars (08:29:04) :

    Spot on with this write-up, I actually suppose this website needs much more consideration. I’ll in all probability be again to learn much more, thanks for that info.


  11. 27 11 2022
    Voice Marketing Companies (02:34:44) :

    Having read this I thought it was very informative. I appreciate you taking the time and energy to put this article together. I once again find myself personally spending way too much time both reading and commenting. But so what, it was still worth it!


  12. 21 11 2022
    rv awning replacement near me (05:48:27) :

    This is a topic that’s near to my heart… Best wishes! Where are your contact details though?


  13. 17 11 2022
    water filtration iron in St. Petersburg, FL (02:37:54) :

    A lot of of what you assert happens to be supprisingly precise and it makes me ponder the reason why I hadn’t looked at this with this light previously. Your piece truly did turn the light on for me as far as this specific subject goes. However at this time there is actually one particular point I am not necessarily too comfortable with and whilst I make an effort to reconcile that with the core idea of the position, let me observe just what the rest of the visitors have to say.Well done.


  14. 16 11 2022
    in home water filtration system (10:43:26) :

    Thank you for all of your labor on this website. My daughter enjoys engaging in research and it’s easy to see why. Almost all know all concerning the powerful form you produce very useful secrets on your web blog and as well as inspire response from others about this point so my girl is without question studying so much. Enjoy the remaining portion of the new year. You are always carrying out a really good job.


  15. 3 11 2022
    his explanation (10:43:51) :

    I wanted to create you the tiny observation so as to thank you very much yet again for the breathtaking views you’ve discussed at this time. It was really strangely open-handed with you to give easily all that a lot of people might have marketed as an e-book to get some cash for their own end, particularly given that you could possibly have done it if you ever considered necessary. Those good tips in addition worked as the great way to be sure that most people have similar dream like my own to figure out a good deal more concerning this problem. I know there are some more pleasant instances up front for individuals who check out your website.


  16. 3 11 2022
    Siobhan Prchal (04:21:02) :

    I wish to point out my passion for your kindness supporting those people that need help on this content. Your real commitment to passing the solution all-around had become pretty important and have all the time empowered women like me to realize their ambitions. Your personal interesting guidelines signifies much a person like me and a whole lot more to my fellow workers. Best wishes; from everyone of us.


  17. 3 11 2022
    over here hypnosis for heartbreak (04:21:01) :

    Needed to compose you the tiny remark to be able to thank you very much over again for these pleasing principles you’ve provided at this time. This is really surprisingly open-handed with you to give unreservedly precisely what most people could possibly have supplied as an electronic book to generate some dough on their own, most notably considering the fact that you might have done it if you ever considered necessary. The tricks additionally acted to be a easy way to realize that other people have a similar eagerness much like my personal own to grasp a great deal more related to this matter. I think there are numerous more enjoyable sessions up front for individuals who discover your blog post.


  18. 2 11 2022
    Julianna Desanti (06:31:22) :

    Needed to draft you a bit of word to be able to say thank you over again about the striking opinions you’ve documented in this article. This is extremely open-handed of you to provide easily what a number of us would’ve offered for an e book to help with making some profit for their own end, certainly seeing that you could possibly have done it if you wanted. The tricks in addition acted as a easy way to be sure that most people have the same desire like my own to see much more with regards to this matter. I think there are a lot more fun times up front for folks who take a look at your blog post.


  19. 28 10 2022
    car lift near me (02:48:15) :

    You made some good points there. I looked on the internet for more info about the issue and found most individuals will go along with your views on this site.


  20. 27 10 2022
    Sixta Boccia (05:35:58) :

    I wanted to write you a little bit of note so as to thank you over again regarding the exceptional opinions you’ve documented above. It’s simply pretty open-handed with people like you to supply unreservedly what exactly a few people could possibly have advertised as an e-book to help make some cash for their own end, notably now that you might have tried it if you considered necessary. The smart ideas as well acted like a great way to be sure that other individuals have similar passion the same as my very own to understand whole lot more with regards to this condition. Certainly there are several more enjoyable instances ahead for many who find out your blog post.


1 16 17 18 19 20 22

Laisser un commentaire

Votre adresse de messagerie ne sera pas publiée. Les champs obligatoires sont indiqués avec *

Vous pouvez utiliser ces balises et attributs HTML : <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>

évasion |
Généalogies |
vivreavec1handicap |
Unblog.fr | Annuaire | Signaler un abus | ANTI CORRIDA
| dartagnan
| Actualité de la Politique d...