Ibn Khaldoun

*Le père de la sociologie

ibnkhaldoun.jpg 

L’histoire d’un peuple est-elle son miroir ? Je dis tout de suite oui,  comme l’a dit Abderrahmane Ibn Khaldoun (1332-1406 grégorien). En fait, ce monument de l’histoire universelle reste toujours éternel. C’est lui qui a posé dans le monde les premiers jalons de «l’histoire des peuples». A l’époque et avant lui, les historiens étaient «affiliés» aux idées et actes des rois, des puissants et autres gouvernants. Dans ses Proligomènes ou Moukadima, Abderrahmane Ibn Khaldoun a «balayé» les idées de ses contemporains et de ses prédécesseurs musulmans et même… chrétiens et juifs. Certes, en homme sincère et franc, il ne parle que des historiens musulmans et de leurs «idées saugrenues»… les «Occidentaux» qui l’ont surtout découvert XIXe siècle (et l’ont «décortiqué» aux XIXe et XXe siècles) ont reconnu que ce savant génial a jeté «les premiers principes de l’histoire scientifique» et a découvert une nouvelle science qui va s’appeler désormais «sociologie». En effet, ce que Ibn Khaldoun appelait «el omran» a été «la base» des recherches des premiers sociologues occidentaux.
Si Ibn Khaldoun a découvert «la Sociologie» en partant de «l’Histoire» (avec un grand S et un grand H) c’est grâce à sa… «liberté de savant». En effet, l’homme qui a  – toujours – occupé les postes de «Premier ministre» ou «premier cadi» (l’équivalent de président de la Cour suprême de nos temps) dans les Etats du Maghreb et de l’Andalousie (arabe) a découvert «sa liberté dans… une grotte ! Par une nuit d’été chaude et sans lune, son ami Lissan Eddine Ibn El Katib, à l’époque ministre d’Etat dans le gouvernement zianide (1236-1283 grégorien) le réveille à minuit et lui conseille de «fuir immédiatement, car le prince zianide a décidé de lui couper la tête» (voir Voyage d’Orient et d’Occident d’Ibn Khaldoun) (1).
Fuyant la mort, Ibn Khaldoun, qui était premier cadi chez les Zianides, ne prit que quelques «petits vêtements» et se sauva vers «l’Est» ( fuyant d’autres «ennemis» qui s’appelaient les «Mérinides» !).
Après mille «écueils et vicissitudes» par exemple, ces bandits lui ont pris tous ses vêtements et vivres, le laissant «nu comme un ver de terre». Heureusement que ses manuscrits ne les … intéressaient pas !), arrivé à Frenda, là, il a été bien accueilli par les «chouyoukh» de la «tribu» des Beni Fernan. Après quelques jours de repos bien mérités, Ibn Khaldoun sortit se promener… et le «hasard le conduisit vers cette grotte «merveilleuse» ! Il décida alors de s’y installer pour écrire en toute… Liberté (avec un L majuscule). Finis les postes politiques bien rémunérés, fini le «côtoiement» des rois ignorants et ingrats (2). Un grand savant de l’humanité est né dans la «Grotte des Beni …» (El Watan-16.08.2011.)
 

Note :

1)Voyage d’Orient et d’Occident d’Ibn Khaldoun, Editions Sindbad-Paris.
2) Op. cité

**consulter par ailleurs: Ibn Khaldoun Wikipédia

Statue d'Ibn Khaldoun sur la place de l'Indépendance à Tunis

*une biographie d’Ibn Khaldoun 

*********************

379 réponses à “Ibn Khaldoun”

1 2 3 19
  1. 28 10 2014
    dental assistant schools (06:59:27) :

    Does Joomla have a Component that help to create a forum like Yahoo Answers?.
    dental assistant schools http://medical-101.net/dental-assistant-schools/

  2. 28 10 2014
    ultrasound tech salary (05:23:54) :

    I need to import about 50 of 458 posts from a blogspot blog into wordpress. If I use the plug in import tool, I am concerned that it will duplicate the posts that were already imported in a previous batch. Also the prior posts have been re-categorized. I need to hold those as well. Any tips will help! Thank you..
    ultrasound tech salary http://medical-101.net/ultrasound-technician-salary/

  3. 28 10 2014
    baseball tickets (00:58:29) :

    I have had Firefox, IE, and Google chrome downloaded onto my computer for a while now with no problem. Recently I downloaded YIM and now Firefox doesn’t start up. If I restart my computer a few times, and try to open it a few dozen times each time I restart, it will eventually pop up. How do I fix it? Chrome and IE still work fine but I prefer Firefox..
    baseball tickets http://www.alfushaboys.com

  4. 28 10 2014
    home internet (00:02:04) :

    Okay here are the details. I want to add a new button to firefox, the purpose of that button is that when i type something in the address bar in firefox and click that button in navigation toolbar, that must serve the purpose of « I am feeling lucky button on google homepage ». Any super genius here?.
    home internet http://www.prointernetserviceguide.com

  5. 27 10 2014
    debt consolidation loan (23:52:37) :

    how do i start a blog with a fictitious writer, parody/comedy/comment on current affairs politics etc?
    debt consolidation loan http://usaconsumerdebt.com

  6. 27 10 2014
    auto insurance rates (18:01:53) :

    What is the difference between a Creative Writing major and a Creative Writing concentration?
    auto insurance rates http://gocompareautoinsurance.com

  7. 26 10 2014
    aluminum free antipersperant (15:15:51) :

    I am asking for my mother. She doesn’t necessarily want to make money off them, her purpose is to use her blog (once popular) and use it as references to possibly help her get a newspaper article. She has a title for one called « Answers to Life’s Problems ». Where can she post blogs and they become popular? She posted it already on WordPress but there are 3 million people posting blogs hers gets lost in the mix. Any suggestions?.
    aluminum free antipersperant http://www.aluminumfreeantiperspirant.net/

  8. 24 03 2014
    Google (16:58:26) :

    Please pay a visit to the web sites we comply with, which includes this 1, as it represents our picks through the web.

  9. 12 12 2012
    moncler outlet (11:52:06) :

    I dugg some of you post as I cogitated they were extremely helpful extremely helpful
    moncler outlet http://supermonclercoats.webs.com/

  10. 18 10 2012
    Air Jordan 12 (12:49:29) :

    It is perfect time to make a few plans for the longer term and it is time to be happy. I’ve read this publish and if I may just I desire to suggest you some interesting issues or suggestions. Maybe you could write subsequent articles referring to this article. I desire to read even more issues approximately it!

  11. 10 11 2011
    league of legends download (23:50:34) :

    Interesting…

  12. 6 11 2011
    jyj (22:42:24) :

    Nice blog here! Also your site loads up very fast! What host are you using? Can I get your affiliate link to your host? I wish my site loaded up as quickly as yours lol

  13. 3 11 2011
    Rocky Simpelo (10:15:42) :

    The following time I read a blog, I hope that it doesnt disappoint me as a lot as this one. I mean, I know it was my choice to learn, but I actually thought youd have one thing fascinating to say. All I hear is a bunch of whining about one thing that you possibly can repair when you werent too busy looking for attention.

  14. 2 11 2011
    Charmain Eguchi (22:25:34) :

    I used to be very pleased to search out this internet-site.I needed to thanks on your time for this glorious learn!! I positively enjoying every little little bit of it and I’ve you bookmarked to take a look at new stuff you blog post.

  15. 1 11 2011
    power inverter (12:15:33) :

    There is obviously a lot to know about this. I think you made some good points in Features also.

  16. 30 10 2011
    power inverter (05:35:00) :

    Very effectively written information. It is going to be worthwhile to anyone who usess it, including myself. Sustain the nice work – for certain i’ll take a look at extra posts.

  17. 28 10 2011
    unwanted gift cards (08:41:36) :

    Hi there! Someone in my Facebook group shared this site with us so I came to give it a look. I’m definitely enjoying the information. I’m book-marking and will be tweeting this to my followers! Excellent blog and fantastic design.

  18. 25 10 2011
    Cattle (13:06:31) :

    What is here it is an interesting piece of information. But first of all I must say all the visitors. Hello there. After this I must say that I will post http://niarunblog.unblog.fr/personnages-et-personnalites/ibn-khaldoun on my Hi5 profile. I will do this because finally I found what I was looking for. What you share here is really very good information. In the minute I saw this tittle, ELAyam-2 » Ibn Khaldoun, on google search I was very happy. It is possible I found something that have the same ideea here http://www.bonsmara-action.co.za, I’m not sure but I thing it was the same. My regrds

  19. 17 10 2011
    iva uk (15:09:03) :

    What you have here it is a great article. But first of all I must say all the visitors. Bounjour. And second I must say that I m thinking to post http://niarunblog.unblog.fr/personnages-et-personnalites/ibn-khaldoun on my Hi5 profile. And this because finally I found what I was looking for. What you post here is really nice sharing. In the minute I saw this tittle, ELAyam-2 » Ibn Khaldoun, in my google search I was very happy. I think I found something with the same ideea here http://ivauk.com, I’m not sure but I thing it was the same. Thank you

  20. 14 10 2011
    Charolette Nosal (22:19:31) :

    Absolutely pent articles, Really enjoyed looking through.

1 2 3 19

Laisser un commentaire

Votre adresse de messagerie ne sera pas publiée. Les champs obligatoires sont indiqués avec *

Vous pouvez utiliser ces balises et attributs HTML : <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>




évasion |
Généalogies |
vivreavec1handicap |
Unblog.fr | Créer un blog | Annuaire | Signaler un abus | ANTI CORRIDA
| dartagnan
| Actualité de la Politique d...